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Top 10 String utility methods you should know

In today’s string of articles on Top 10 methods, we will look at some useful utility methods that come with the String type.

You can use these methods combined with inbuilt support for template literals, allowing effective manipulation of strings:

var str1 = 'Lorem';
var str2 = '$str1 ipsum'; // String interpolation
var str3 = '''Multi
Line
$str1 $str2'''; // Multi-line strings

Let’s start with:

1. contains()

This allows you to check whether the specified string exists:

str1.contains('rem'); // true

2. startsWith()

This allows you to check whether the string starts with the specified characters:

str2.startsWith('Lorem'); // true
str3.startsWith('Noorem'); // false

3. endsWith()

Checks whether the string ends with the specified characters:

str3.endsWith('ipsum'); // true
str3.endsWith('oopsum'); // false

4. toLowerCase(), toUpperCase()

Converts the string to lowercase and uppercase formats:

str1.toLowerCase(); // lorem
str1.toUpperCase(); // LOREM

5. split()

Splits the string at the matching pattern, returning a list of substrings:

str3.split('\n'); // ['Multi', 'Line', 'Lorem Lorem ipsum'];

6. splitMapJoin()

Splits the string, converts each list item, and combines them into a new string:

str3.splitMapJoin(RegExp(r'^', multiLine: true), // Matches the beginning of each line
  onMatch: (m) => '**${m.group(0)} ', // Adds asterisk to the line beginning
  onNonMatch: (n) => n); // Leaves non matches as is
/*
Output: 

** Multi
** Line
** Lorem Lorem ipsum

*/

7. indexOf(), lastIndexOf()

Returns the position of the first and last matches of the given pattern:

str3.indexOf('rem'); // 13
str3.lastIndexOf('rem'); // 19

Both methods also take in an optional parameter specifying the index to begin the search from:

str3.lastIndexOf('rem', 18); // 13

8. trim()

Removes leading and trailing whitespaces:

"   $str2  ".trim(); // 'Lorem ipsum'

9. padLeft(), padRight()

Pads the string on the left and right with the given padding if the string is less that the specified length:

str1.padLeft(8, 'x'); // xxLorem
str1.padRight(8, 'x'); // Loremxx

10. replaceAll()

Replaces all substrings that match the specified pattern with the replacement string:

str2.replaceAll('e', 'é'); // Lorém

Conclusion

I hope this was insightful and if this is your first exposure to Dart, read my first steps tutorial to grasp the basics. The code snippets for this article are available on DartPad.

Like, share and follow me 😍 for more articles on Dart. Thanks so much.

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Quicklinks

  1. String class Documentation
  2. Free Dart screencasts on Egghead.io

Jermaine Oppong

Hello 👋, I show programmers how to build full-stack web applications with the Dart SDK. I am passionate about teaching others, having received tremendous support on sites like dev.to and medium.com for my articles covering various aspects of the Dart language and ecosystem.